DONE - Chapter 8. Major Traffic Laws - Part 1

Florida Drug and Alcohol Test (TLSAE) Course: Chapter 8. Major Traffic Laws - Part Two

This chapter covers the following topics

8.1. Basic Driving Laws: Signs and Signals
8.2. Basic Driving Laws: ROAD MARKINGS
8.3. Basic Driving Laws: OTHER USERS ON OUR ROADS
8.4. Basic Driving Laws: Motorcycles and Bicycles

Section 8.1. Basic Driving Laws: Signs and Signals

When you were a child, did you ever play with Hot Wheels cars? Those cars really were fast! You would set up the Hot Wheels track with a little mini-town and railroad station. The problem was, when you used more than one car at a time, you would end up with one car on the road and one car off the road, or one car hitting the unfortunate people waiting for the train at the station. After a while, like all kids, you just resorted to crashing the cars into each other. Do you remember the sound effects you would make when they crashed?

Some kids get really creative, and make their fastest Hot Wheels car go down the track from the top of the ironing board, and crash right into the train. Imagine you're a City Planner, laying out a town that has hundreds of thousands of cars traveling through it at rush hour. This is not a game. There has to be a detailed plan to control the flow of traffic on the road. Can you imagine millions of Hot Wheels cars on your track, and you being responsible for their safety?


It takes years of planning and research to design a traffic control system. It takes a lot of work to keep millions of vehicles moving safely on the road. Think of all the chaos that would be created if we didn't have red traffic lights, stop signs, speed limits and road markings. It might be exciting for a few minutes, like a giant Hot Wheels track, but when the crashes started with real lives at stake, it wouldn't be so much fun. So the next time you're angry because you're stopped at a red traffic light and late for school, remember that all these controls are created to insure that you arrive safely at your destination.

Our transportation system consists of many components: You and your vehicle; other drivers and their vehicles, other roadway users, pedestrians, bicyclists,pavement markings, road signs and other devices that keep all those components moving in harmony. Let's read more about the parts of the roadway that keep us safe while driving our vehicles.


Traffic controls are divided into three groups:
  1. Signs
  2. Signals
  3. Road Markings

Traffic signs are divided into the following categories:
  1. Regulatory Signs
  2. Warning Signs
  3. Guide Signs

Did you know that the shapes of signs indicate what is ahead? A school zone ahead sign is in the shape of a schoolhouse. Warning signs are diamond-shaped. A railroad crossing sign is round, and a stop sign is octagon-shaped. Regulatory signs like speed limit signs and no parking signs are rectangular.


Regulatory signs are white or red signs that regulate the flow of traffic and advise motorists of any laws for that area. For instance, speed signs are posted in order to keep traffic from moving at an unsafe speed. "No parking" signs are posted because parked cars in that area would slow down or present a danger to traffic. School zone signs are posted to ensure that traffic moves at a speed safe for children walking to and from school. Stop signs, yield signs and signal lights stop traffic so that cross traffic can continue to flow smoothly. If you cannot safely enter the road, stop and wait until traffic is clear before moving ahead.

STOP sign

The STOP sign is the only eight-sided traffic sign. It means that you must come to a complete stop before entering the intersection ahead and yield to traffic close enough to be an immediate hazard. If there is a crosswalk, stop before entering the crosswalk.

YIELD sign

The YIELD sign means slow down so you can yield the right of way to pedestrians crossing the roadway and to vehicles on the intersecting street or highway.


The DO NOT ENTER sign is white on a red background. It means the motorist is approaching a one-way highway or ramp from the wrong direction. This marks a one-way roadway with traffic coming against you. You must not enter the one-way at this point.


RAILROAD CROSSING signs are posted to warn you that there are railroad tracks ahead. There might also be a large X and double-R marked on the pavement. Whenever you approach a railroad crossing, look for indications that a train is coming. If electrical or mechanical warning devices are flashing, a gate has come down, a worker is signaling with a flag, or an approaching train is visible, you must come to a full stop between 15 and 50 feet before the railroad track. Never stop on railroad tracks. Once the train has passed, do not move forward until the gate has gone up and you are sure there are no other trains approaching. If you are in heavy traffic, make sure there is enough room for your vehicle on the other side of the tracks before you cross. If your car stalls on railroad tracks when a train is approaching, don't waste any time. Immediately get yourself and your passengers out and away from the car. Always approach railroad crossings with caution and be sure that all tracks are clear before you cross.


NO RIGHT TURN: This sign means no right turn is permitted at any time.


NO LEFT TURN: This sign means no left turn is permitted at any time.


NO PARKING: Before you park your vehicle, always check for signs telling you whether or not you can park there or under what conditions parking is allowed.

Parking signs must be obeyed. Never park in a fire lane; never park in a space reserved for handicapped drivers unless you're legally entitled to do so. When leaving a parking space, always make sure you yield the right-of-way to vehicles that are already in the lane you're trying to enter.


HANDICAPPED PARKING: You must not park in a parking space designated for persons who are disabled on either private or public property unless: (a) the vehicle being parked is operated by a person with disabilities or under the direction of a person with disabilities and (b) the vehicle visibly displays a disabled parking permit.


Speed limit signs tell you the speed limit under normal conditions. You must adjust your speed for conditions; for example, if it begins to rain, reduce your speed.


SCHOOL ZONE SPEED LIMIT sign: These signs tell you the speed limit in school zones during the hours indicated. School zone speed limits may also be displayed on lighted signs with flashing amber lights.


EMERGENCY STOPPING ONLY: This sign means that stopping is permitted only for real emergencies.

NO U-TURN sign

NO U-TURN: These signs are posted where it is unsafe to make a U-turn.


Warning signs are black and yellow, except those used in construction areas, which are black and orange. These signs are used to warn you of hazardous conditions ahead. Drive with extra caution when you encounter a warning sign. Some warning signs tell you about changes in the road. For instance, a reduced speed sign is posted to tell you the highest safe speed you are allowed to drive on a curvy or bumpy road. A merging traffic sign will indicate that you should be prepared for other vehicles entering from another roadway. Warning signs are usually diamond-shaped, but there are some exceptions.


Slow down and watch for children crossing.


You must yield to pedestrians in the crosswalk. This sign means that just ahead is a location where people on foot often cross. The crosswalk may not necessarily be at an intersection. Use caution as you approach and drive more slowly and carefully, watching both sides of the street for pedestrians.


When you encounter this sign, slow down and watch for people riding their bicycles.


Slippery When Wet: When it's raining, the roadway may become slippery. Slow down and drive carefully.


Uneven road: The portion of the roadway you are about to enter is uneven. When you encounter one of these signs, slow down and be prepared for changes in the roadway.


Merge left: The number of highway lanes ahead change. The right lane is about to end; merge left into the adjacent lane.


Road construction ZONE AHEAD: There will be road construction for the next 13 miles. Reduce your speed. Be on the lookout for flaggers, one-way traffic, other signs or obstructions. Proceed with caution and obey signs and instructions.


Construction AHEAD SIGN: This sign means there are construction workers present. Reduce your speed and watch out for the workers.


Guide signs help us find our way on the highway system. These signs are usually green and white. For instance, "Disney World, 10 Miles" is a guide sign. Some guide signs are blue and white; these indicate services ahead, such as hospitals, food, service stations, and hotels. Brown and white signs are also guide signs;they indicate parks and recreational areas, camping spots, and hiking trails.

Guide Sign

This guide sign shows that an entrance to Interstate 95 heading towards Miami is one mile ahead.

Rest Area Blue

This indicates an exit for a rest area, which usually contains picnic tables and restroom facilities.

Hospital Blue

The "H" indicates a hospital is nearby. These signs sometimes have an arrow indicating the direction of the hospital attached below the sign.

Brown Guide Sign

Brown guide signs inform you of parks, recreational areas, or monuments.


Traffic signals are located at intersections where the level of risk increases. Special-use signals may operate at certain times or on demand in school zones, near fire stations, or near factories. Traffic signals may be vertical or horizontal. The most common lenses are red, yellow and green circles.


A circular steady red light means stop; do not enter the intersection.


A circular steady yellow light means clear the intersection. It follows a green signal. You must not enter the intersection when the red signal comes on.


Go when the signal is steady circular green. You may go straight or turn right or left, yielding to other vehicles and pedestrians lawfully within the intersection. A sign may prohibit a turn or turns.


At a flashing signal, you must either stop or slow down, depending on the color of the light. A flashing red signal means that you must come to a full stop. You must slow down and use caution at a flashing yellow signal. A law enforcement officer can overrule traffic signals. If a law enforcement officer is present, follow the instructions provided by the officer.

Flashing Red Light TRAFFIC SIGNAL

A flashing red light indicates that you must stop and proceed only when it is safe to do so.

Flashing Yellow Light TRAFFIC SIGNAL

A flashing yellow light means slow down and proceed with caution.

Florida Drug and Alcohol Test (TLSAE) Course:

Florida TLSAE/Drug & Alcohol 4 hour Course Online

Who is required to take this 4-hour drug and alcohol course?

This is a first-time drivers ed course for new aspiring drivers. The state of Florida requires all new drivers take a 4-hour drug and alcohol course. If you want your Permit License you must take this course. You can take the DATA course when you are 14 1/2. You can sign up right now at our website. Our course is easy and fun!
  •     Florida 4 hour first-time drivers course also referred as:
  •     TLSAE - Traffic Law and Substance Abuse Education
  •     DATA - Drug Alcohol Traffic Awareness course
  •     DATE Drug Alcohol Traffic Awareness Education course
  •     ADAPT - Alcohol Drugs Accident Prevention Training
  •     Drug & Alcohol Course or Drug and Alcohol Class
  •     Florida Permit Test or Florida Permit Exam Course
  •     The Permit Test is also known as the DMV Exam or DMV Test
Florida first time driver course required to get a Florida drivers license. Florida first time driver courses teach drivers how drugs and alcohol affect driving,. In that situation you have to go home, make a new appointment and return the DMV. Every new driver is required to take a Florida TLSAE course.

Enroll your Florida 4 hour drug and alcohol course online and meet your learner's permit requirement.

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